Cannabis use is associated with reduced incidences of bladder cancer, according to a study published in the February issue of the journal Urology.
For the study, researchers “evaluated the records of 84,170 participants in a multiethnic cohort of men aged 45-69 years”, and used the data to investigate the association of cannabis use and tobacco smoking on the risk of bladder cancer.
Researchers determined that a history of cannabis use was associated with a decreased risk of bladder cancer, whereas tobacco use was associated with an increased risk.
“After adjusting for age, race or ethnicity, and body mass index, using tobacco only was associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer (hazard regression 1.52) whereas cannabis use was only associated with a 45 percent reduction in bladder cancer incidence (HR 0.55),” says Dr. Anil A. Thomas, the study’s lead researcher.
Thomas concludes that although a cause and effect relationship has not been established, “cannabis use may be inversely associated with bladder cancer risk”.
The study, which can be found by clicking here, was conducted at the Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, Department of Neurology.
The post Study: Cannabis Use Associated with Reduced Bladder Cancer Risk appeared first on The Joint Blog.
Cannabis use is inversely associated with incidences of bladder cancer in males, according epidemiological findings published in the February issue of the journal Urology.
Investigators at the Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, Department of Neurology assessed the association of cannabis use and tobacco smoking on the risk of bladder cancer in a multiethnic cohort of more than 80,000 men aged 45 to 69 years old over an 11-year period.
Researchers determined that a history of cannabis use was associated with a decreased risk of bladder cancer. By contrast, tobacco use was associated with an increased risk of cancer.
“After adjusting for age, race or ethnicity, and body mass index, using tobacco only was associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer (hazard regression 1.52) whereas cannabis use was only associated with a 45 percent reduction in bladder cancer incidence (HR 0.55),” investigators reported.
Subjects who reported using both tobacco and cannabis possessed a decreased risk of cancer (HR 1.28) compared to those subjects who used tobacco only (HR 1.52).
The study is the first to indicate that cannabis use may be inversely associated with bladder cancer risk.
“In this multiethnic cohort of 82,050 men, we found that cannabis use alone was associated with a decreased risk of bladder cancer. … [M]en who used tobacco alone were 1.5 times more likely to develop bladder cancer when compared with men who did not use tobacco or cannabis. … However, among men who used both substances, this risk of bladder cancer was mitigated. … If this represents a cause and effect relationship, this pathway may provide new opportunities for the prevention and/or treatment of bladder cancer.”
In 2009, Brown University researchers similarly reported that the moderate long-term use of marijuana was associated with a reduced risk of head and neck cancers in a multi-center cohort involving over 1,000 subjects. Investigators further reported that marijuana use “modified the interaction between alcohol and cigarette smoking, resulting in a decreased HNSCC (head and neck squamous cell carcinoma) risk among moderate smokers and light drinkers, and attenuated risk among the heaviest smokers and drinkers.”
Read the abstract of the study, “Association between cannabis use and the risk of bladder cancer: Results from the California Men’s Health Survey,” online here.
Virginia’s full House of Delegates has given approval to House Bill 1277, a proposal to legalize the cultivation and production of industrial hemp for research purposes.
“Industrial hemp can be used as a cheaply produced alternative component in numerous modern products, including fabrics, building materials, composites used in cars and insulation,” says Delegate Joseph Yost, the measure’s primary sponsor. “Virginia has a long history of safe industrial hemp production, as early settlers in Jamestown grew hemp for paper, rope and clothing.”
House Bill 1277 would direct the Department of Agriculture to establish an industrial hemp research program, including determining specific regulation.
The proposal has been sent to the Senate, where its passage would send it to Virginia Governor Terry McAuliffe for consideration.
The post Hemp Bill Approved by Virginia’s House of Delegates appeared first on The Joint Blog.
As we get further into 2015, state legislatures are convening all around the country and the issue of marijuana law reform is a hot topic in many of them. From full legalization to decriminalization to medical use, marijuana is being debated in state houses across the nation. A key component of making these reform efforts successful is the mobilization of citizens like yourself. Only so much can be done by top down lobbying and lawmakers often base their votes off of the will of their constituents.
To make this process as pain-free as possible, NORML has collected all of the currently pending legislation and provided tools for constituents to contact their elected officials in our Take Action Center. Bills currently pending in 2015 include:
- Federal: Members Of Congress Move To Exclude Hemp From the Controlled Substances Act
- Arizona: Measure Introduced To Defelonize Marijuana Penalties
- New York: Measure Introduced To Legalize Cannabis Commerce
- Delaware: Lawmakers To Debate Marijuana Decriminalization Measure
- New Mexico: Senate Lawmakers to Consider Decriminalizing Marijuana
- Kentucky: Medical Cannabis Legislation Filed In Both Chambers
- And many more!
You can view the full list of pending legislation here. This list is continually updated as new measures are introduced so be sure to keep checking back to see what legislation will be debated in your state this year. Be sure you take a moment of your time to use these action alerts to quickly and easily contact lawmakers in support of pending legislation in your state and share them with your friends and family!
Help us keep the GRASS in GRASSROOTS and together we will legalize marijuana nationwide.
A proposal to drastically alter Washington State’s medical cannabis law has been approved 11 to 2 by the Senate Health Care Committee, and is scheduled for a public hearing today at 3:30PM in the Senate Ways and Means Committee, where its passage will set it up for a full Senate vote.
If approved into law, Senate Bill 5052 would combine the medical and recreational cannabis systems, would shut down all currently operating medial cannabis dispensaries and would establish a patient database, requiring all patients who wish to receive arrest protection to submit to a mandatory registry (which has been opposed by activists in the state for years given it would require patients to put their name on a list admitting to a federal crime).
Recreational cannabis retail outlets would be given the opportunity to apply for a medical cannabis endorsement to demonstrate that they’re “knowledgeable in the medical use of marijuana”. The Liquor Control Board would be named to the Liquor and Cannabis Control Board, and would have the authority to determine the number of cannabis outlets throughout the state, as well as establish regulations for the cannabis industry.
Senate Bill 5052 would reduce the amount of cannabis a patient can cultivate from fifteen to six, and would reduce the amount they can possess from twenty four ounces to three. It would also require those in possession of cannabis concentrates to prove that it was purchased at a licensed cannabis retail outlet; if they can’t, they’ll receive a civil infraction (under seven grams), a misdemeanor (seven to twenty eight grams) or even a felony (over twenty eight grams).
The full text of the proposal can be found by clicking here.
The post Proposal to Drastically Alter WA’s Medical Cannabis Law Approved by Senate Committee appeared first on The Joint Blog.
In Washington State, physicians that specialize in medical cannabis often offer 1-year and 2-year recommendations to qualifying individuals, though don’t offer ones that last indefinitely (‘lifetime recommendations”). Many dispensaries throughout the state, in fact, will deny patients who have lifetime recommendations, claiming that it’s required for a recommendations to be renewed either yearly, or biyearly. This, however, just isn’t true. Lifetime recommendations are entirely legal in Washington State, which we confirmed through the state’s Department of Health.
An example of a location denying patients who have lifetime recommendations is the Northwest Cannabis Market, which operates two medical cannabis farmers markets in Seattle. We contacted their Rainier Ave. location to ask why they deny lifetime recommendations that are signed after 2011, and were told that the law requires it. When we corrected them, we were then told its their policy, “simply as that” (they wouldn’t comment further on the issue).
We then contacted the 16th Ave SW location to confirm this policy, which they did. When we asked why this was the case despite it not being the law, we were told that the reason is not disclosed to the public or media. When we asked why they would require patients to pay for additional recommendations that they aren’t legally required to obtain, we were hung up on.
Unfortunately this is commonplace throughout the state. We urge patients to stand up against this, and to point out that there’s nothing in the law that requires medical cannabis recommendations to be renewed. Those who tell you otherwise are either uninformed, or have an ulterior motive.
Washington State’s full medical cannabis law – which doesn’t require recommendations to be renewed – can be found by clicking here.
The post Correcting a Myth: Lifetime Medical Cannabis Recommendations are Legal in Washington State appeared first on The Joint Blog.
Need another prime example of cannabis prohibition coming to pass in these United States? Look no further than the states of Alaska and Oregon where the voters have ended cannabis prohibition and instead replaced the failed prohibition with tax-n-regulate policies, both states are canceling the use (and expense) of maintaining and employing cannabis sniffing canines.
Up next in states that have jettisoned cannabis prohibition: Canceling law enforcement overflights looking for once illegal cannabis plants.
Mississippi State Senator Deborah Dawkins has filed Senate Bill 2318, a proposal to legalize the possession and private cultivation of cannabis for medical purposes.
Under the proposed law, those with a qualifying condition who receive a recommendation from a physician would be authorized to cultivate up to seven plants (four of which can be mature), and could possess up to 30 grams of cannabis per plant. Qualifying conditions would include cancer, HIV/AIDS, glaucoma and any chronic disease, condition or treatment that produces cachexia, severe pain, severe nausea, seizures or severe and persistent muscle spasms. The Department of Health would be authorized to add additional conditions without approval from state lawmakers.
The proposal would also allow patients to have a designated caregiver cultivate and possess cannabis for them.
In July, a proposal to legalize low-THC cannabis extracts for seizure disorders became law in Mississippi.
The post Mississippi: Legislation to Legalize Medical Cannabis Possession and Cultivation Filed appeared first on The Joint Blog.
President Obama on Monday released his proposal for the federal government’s 2016 budget. As part of the 2,000-page, $4 trillion proposed budget, Obama is calling for a reversal of recent congressional action that prohibits the District of Columbia from legalizing recreational cannabis sales.
In November, D.C. voters overwhelmingly approved an initiative that legalized the possession of up to two ounces of cannabis. The initiative didn’t, however, legalize cannabis sales.
The following month, federal lawmakers approved a national spending bill which included a provision prohibiting D.C. from spending any federal or local funds implementing an initiative or a legislative proposal to legalize cannabis sales. Despite this, four D.C. councilors filed legislation last month to legalize cannabis outlets, which would be able to distribute up to two ounces of cannabis to anyone 21 and older.
Obama’s proposed budget would allow this proposal to go into effect if it’s approved by D.C. officials. The change is made through a very simply alteration in the spending bill’s language, which would continue to prohibit D.C. from spending federal funding implementing cannabis legalization, while allowing them to spend their own local funds.
Obama’s budget will need to be approved by congress before becoming law.
The post Obama’s 2016 Budget Would Allow D.C. to Legalize and Regulate Cannabis Sales appeared first on The Joint Blog.