Hemp News 26
Submitted by restore on Mon, 12/13/2010 - 21:31
Hemp News No. 26
Compiled byPaul Stanford
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We offer nonwood office and printing paper, card stock, cover stock, 100% hemp pulp for paper makers, whole hempstalks and 100% hemp bast fiber. Without further ado, please enjoy the news: UPn 09/09/94 Seized 'cocaine' is really marijuana LOS ANGELES, Sept. 9 (UPI) -- The U.S. Customs Service said Friday that one ton of what agents first believed to be cocaine was actually a ton of marijuana concealed inside layers of white powder. Customs agents seized a tractor-trailer in suburban Lynwood on Aug. 6 and found tape-wrapped packages containing white powder in a secret compartment in the trailer. Field tests were positive for cocaine and the driver and two other men in the truck were arrested. Michael Fleming, a Customs public affairs officers, said Friday that when agents made a more thorough examination of the contraband, they found the packages actually contained marijuana packed in lime. Fleming said smugglers often use certain substances to try to fool Customs' drug-sniffing dogs, but the use of lime was unusual. Driver Jose Pacheco, 26, Ramon Ruiz, 29, and Javier Lopez, 23, remain in jail under a superceding federal indictment that changed the charges to conspiracy to import marijuana instead of cocaine. Customs originally said the cocaine would be worth $62 million. Fleming said the marijuana is worth about $1.7 million. UPwe 09/10/94 Early harvest for marijuana farm DIAMOND BAR, Calif., Sept. 10 (UPI) -- Authorities from the state Bureau of Narcotics Enforcement spent Saturday "hacking and stacking" an estimated 4,000 marijuana plants discovered in the hills above Diamond Bar. Five suspects were arrested Thursday night when the sprawling outdoor marijuana farm was uncovered while officials were conducting aerial surveillance on a separate case. All five men were undocumented immigrants, according to Bureau of Narcotics Enforcement spokesman Walt Kaiser. The suspects, who have not been indentified, were booked on suspicion of felony cultivation of marijuana and were being held in lieu of bail, Kaiser said. Authorities were questioning the suspects Saturday to learn more about others involved in the sophisticated marijuana growing operation, Kaiser said. A crew of about 40 people were sent in to cut down the plants, which were valued on average at about $4,000 each, Kaiser said. The plants ranged in height from 3 feet to 20 feet. "It will take a few days to clear out all of those plants. They (the crew) are just out there hacking and stacking," Kaiser said. Authorities do not believe the owner of the property, a cattle rancher, was involved in any illegal activity, Kaiser said. Judging by the size of the plants, however, the six-acre marijuana farm had been cultivated for at least one year, Kaiser said. An underground irrigation system had been installed and it appeared the five suspects had been living in tents on the property, Kaiser said. WP 09/10/94 15 Years for a 17-Year-Old's First Drug Sale By Nat Hentoff NEW YORK - Nelson Rockefeller, the late governor of New York, is remembered by many in the art world as an enthusiastic, sophisticated collector. For many New Yorkers in prison, however, he is remembered as the author of the 1973 Rockefeller Drug Sentencing Laws whose harsh mandatory minimums helped lead the way nationally to reducing judges' discretion in sentencing. Some years ago, I asked Gov. Mario M. Cuomo if he might try to move the legislature to make those laws more humane. He said he didn't think the legislature could be budged. But, as a political leader, shouldn't he try? No comment. Nor, certainly, is there a chance now to make the Rockefeller drug laws more flexible when fear of crime is chronic. Recently, several lower court judges in New York did take the risk of softening a young woman's long prison term because they were appalled at the damage the Rockefeller law would have done to the rest of her life. Their attempt failed when they were reversed by the Court of Appeals, the state's highest court. What has happened to Angela Thompson is hardly unique. In 1988, when she was 17, she was arrested after making a single sale of crack cocaine to an undercover police officer. (There was no other criminal activity on her record.) The sale took place at the residence of her uncle, Norman Little, who, according to the dissenting opinion in the Court of Appeals, was "running a major drug-selling operation in Harlem." The 17-year-old "had grown up in a variety of places and under several different custodial arrangements" until she was employed by her uncle. Her drug sale to the police agent qualified as an A-1 felony because it weighed 2.3 grams - less than one-tenth of an ounce over the next lower level crime. On a plea bargain, she was offered four years to life, but she insisted on her right to trial. She was convicted. The penalty for an A-1 felony is a mandatory indeterminate sentence, with a minimum of not less than 15 years. The maximum is life imprisonment. The trial judge, Juanita Bing-Newton, rebelled. The minimum mandatory sentence, she ruled, would be cruel and unusual punishment under the Eighth Amendment. Instead, she sentenced Angela Thompson to eight years to life. The judge acknowledged that the legislature had decreed a tougher minimum, but she added: "I think it is still the law of this country that the punishment must fit the crime." After all, this was "a single transgression of the law." The case went up one level to the Appellate Division. A majority on that bench also refused to go rigidly by the book and upheld the lower sentence of the trial judge. Said Appellate Justice Sidney Asch: "A system of justice which mandates a 15-year prison sentence, as a minimum, on a 17-year-old girl, who was not cared for by her parents and (was) under the domination of her uncle also mandates a lifetime of crime. And (it) imposes on the community, upon release, a woman who may be incapable of anything but criminal activity. If we do not attempt to rehabilitate such young people, we condemn ourselves as well." Again, the prosecution appealed this lower sentence in the name of the people. The New York State Court of Appeals agreed with the prosecution. The chief judge, Judith Kaye, is an often compassionate jurist who has written some notable First Amendment opinions, among others. In this case, she was part of the majority that overturned the lower courts and resentenced Angela Thompson to a mandatory minimum of 15 years to life imprisonment. Writing for the two dissenters, Judge Joseph Bellacosa said of his majority colleagues - who have locked up Angela Thompson for at least 15 years - that they have tied themselves to "the will of the legislature. A will expressed more than 20 years ago as part of the frustratingly decried, yet intractably operative, Rockefeller Drug Sentencing Laws." But, Bellacosa added, "It is judges who bear the singular awesome duty of facing defendants in open court on the day of reckoning to declare the law's sentencing judgment." Joseph Bellacosa is often described as a conservative; Chief Judge Kaye is decidedly regarded as a liberal. It was Bellacosa, however, who tried unsuccessfully to remind his colleagues that "constitutional adjudication is a dynamic, evolving process - not a static set of revered relics." And Angela Thompson will become an unrevered relic. RTw 09/12/94 Cannabis pollen clue to smiles of Italian town PERUGIA, Italy, Sept 12 (Reuter) - Residents of this medieval hilltown are high on life -- biologists have detected large amounts of pollen from cannabis plants floating in the air. Someone apparently has established an illicit cannabis estate in Perugia, best known for its chocolate industry, universities, and green countryside. "This summer we recorded a strange phenomenon... we have registered a remarkable level of pollen produced by plants in the cannabis family," said Professor Gianfranco Mincigrucci of the biology department at Perugia university. "By examining the pollen deposits, and finding out the strength and direction of the wind, it is possible to say fairly accurately where the plants are," Mincigrucci told Italian state television on Monday. Residents say the new sort of air pollution is nothing to complain about. "This explains why we've been feeling so euphoric recently," said one shopkeeper. REUTER UPne 09/14/94 Drug survey finds use up CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Sept. 14 (UPI) -- Drug use around the nation is up, especially marijuana, which has gone "through the roof" among young people, according to a new survey released Wednesday. The survey found the use of hallucinogens and heroin also up, while cocaine use has stabilized, even though there continued to be a high demand for crack. The survey was conducted by Abt Associates Inc. of Cambridge. Mass., for the federal Office of National Drug Control Policy. The survey tracked drug-use patterns through interviews with drug researchers, epidemiologists, drug treatment providers and police. The results found that marijuana use, particularly among teenagers and people in their 20s, was "going through the roof," and that the drug was often laced with other narcotics, such as heroin, cocaine and PCP. The supply of domestically grown marijuana was also on the rise, the survey said. It also found that heroin use and availability continued to increase in the Northeast and Midwest, where the practice of inhaling high- quality heroin was increasingly reported. Cocaine use has stabilized in most areas of the country and may even be on the decline, although police reported continued high demand for crack, the survey found. Hallucinogens, referred to as "club drugs," were rising in popularity particularly among young, white users. The survey said that although alcohol use was not a category intended to be surveyed, many treatment providers, especially in rural areas, saw alcohol use as their primary problem. AAP 09/14/94 CUSTOMS DETECTOR DOGS CELEBRATE 25 YEARS OF SERVICE By Melanie Beeby of AAP SYDNEY, Sept 14 AAP - Some of Sydney's keenest noses gathered in Sydney today to celebrate a quarter of a century of canine drug detection in Australia. The 25th anniversary of the Customs detector dog program, was attended by past and present two and four-legged members of the program. The event featured presentations and demonstrations of the skills of Australia's detector dogs. The first Customs detector dog unit was formed in Sydney in 1969 with two dogs, and has now expanded to 35 dogs, with a unit in every major region of Australia. The dogs, usually German shepherds, labrador retrievers, Weimaraners and German short-haired pointers, are used to find drugs carried on the body and in baggage, cargo containers, vessels, vehicles, aircraft and mail. During the last financial year, detector dogs were responsible for more than 2,000 individual drug seizures which represent over 60 per cent of all Customs seizures. Some of the more unusual drug finds include, 227 kilograms of cannabis resin encased inside steel machinery packed in a cargo container, 500 grams of hashish packed inside a brick on board a ship, cannabis leaf sealed inside wooden wall plaques and 160 kilograms of hashish buried in a chicken coop. Dogs with a playful and energetic temperament, coupled with confidence, a frantic and untiring desire to retrieve and an aggressively possessive attitude towards the retrieved item are the most suitable for the work, a Customs spokesman said. Traditionally customs had recruited dogs from RSPCA shelters or pounds, but because of a gradual decline in the number of suitable dogs, it embarked on a program in 1993 aimed at establishing a world-class scientific breeding model with litters bred from proven detector dogs. During the celebrations today, a pair of eight-week-old labrador retriever pups, Foster and Fran, were handed to volunteer puppy minders to be raised under their care. The location of the celebration had been kept secret, with customs officials saying they wanted to protect their valuable four-legged assets from playful public hands. It would be the first time minders had been used in Sydney to look after the dogs, rather than customs raising the four-legged animals. The puppy minders were families of customs' workers, who would raise the dogs for 12 months while they were assessed, before they were handed back for special intensive training. The 12 week training program, developed around techniques used by United States Customs, teaches dogs to detect the odours of heroin, cocaine, marijuana, cannabis resin, hashish and amphetamines. AAP mjb/jp/co RTw 09/15/94 Roadside weed drug of choice for some U.S. teens EL PASO, Texas, Sept 15 (Reuter) - A free-growing roadside weed, known commonly as "loco weed," is gaining popularity as a hallucinogenic drug, health officials say. Jimson weed can be fatal, but unlike other drugs it is legal and free, and grows everywhere in the United States except Alaska, health officials said in recent interviews. Twelve people were poisoned, including two who died, in El Paso this year after using the weed, a poisonous, tall, course weed that is a source of stramonium, used in medicine for the treatment of asthma. National figures were unavailable for 1994, but 318 Jimson weed poisoning cases were reported in 1993, Rose Ann Soloway, clinical toxicologist at the poison control central in Washington, said. She said although there is a problem, "in terms of numbers it's not huge." However, in El Paso, "The use is widespread," said Dr. Miguel Escobedo, director of El Paso Preventative Health Services. "And it's (the weed) everywhere. I can see it growing from where I'm sitting." The toxicity of the plant, which apparently was used by American Indians hundreds of years ago, changes from season to season and plant to plant, making it impossible to produce a recipe for a safe "trip," Escobedo said. Two 16-year-old boys died from jimson weed poisoning in June after they boiled weed roots and then drank a cup each. Two of their friends who survived said they drank smaller amounts and experienced hallucinations. The weed, which has bell-shaped flowers, a stout stem and is about 4 feet tall, affects the nervous system, Escobedo said. El Paso health officials hoped the two deaths would scare teenagers and curtail usage. But a local high school senior said a flyer was sent out shortly after the 1994 school year started in late August announcing a party where "crazy weed" would be available. "I don't really know too much about it," the student said. "It's just this new drug that a lot of kids are doing." Sergeant Robert Coleman with the El Paso police narcotics squad said Jimson weed may be gaining in popularity in high schools, but is still not nearly as popular as cocaine, crack and marijuana. Law enforcement officials say their hands are tied because the weed is not illegal. "There isn't a whole lot we can do and we don't have a lot of information on it," Coleman said. REUTER UPsw 09/15/94 Court rules for drug tax defendant AUSTIN, Texas, Sept. 15 (UPI) -- The Texas Supreme Court ruled Thursday that a man assessed more than $1 million in taxes on illegal drugs does not have to pay the tax before he can appeal the assessment. Citing its ruling in a previous case, the high court said it was unconstitutional for the state to require payment of contested taxes before the defendant's appeal can proceed. The case stemmed from the 1990 arrest of Charles Frederick Weck, who allegedly bought more than 800 pounds of marijuana from undercover officers with the Midland County Sheriff's Department in a reverse sting operation. In addition to the criminal charges against Weck, state Comptroller John Sharp assessed $1.4 million in taxes against Weck under the state's drug tax law. Weck appealed the tax assessment, but a lower court ruled against him, citing a state law that says contested tax assessments must be paid before the appeal can proceed. After the ruling was upheld by an appeals court, the state Supreme Court ruled in a separate case that it was unconstitutional to force a defendant to pay a contested tax before the assessment could be appealed. The high court sent Weck's case back to the Austin-based 3rd Court of Appeals for further proceedings based on its previous ruling on uncontested tax payments. AAP 09/15/94 JAILED POLICE TO STAY ON FORCE PENDING APPEAL PERTH, Sept 15 AAP - Three West Australian police who were jailed yesterday for perjury will remain within the force until an appeal on their conviction is heard. Detective Sergeant Ray Fairclough was jailed for three years, while Detective Constable Stephen Brennan and Constable Barry Lee were jailed for 18 months each. In the Perth District Court yesterday, three former officers of the Eucla Police Station, 1,436 km east of Perth, were jailed after they were found guilty by a jury last week of giving false evidence about a cannabis haul in 1989. Deputy Police Commissioner Les Ayton said this morning that he had received advice that the officers would appeal the conviction. Mr Ayton told reporters that in the interests of fairness the three officers would be suspended without pay until the appeal is heard. AAP eb/dd/co UPne 09/16/94 Pro-pot rally wins Boston permit BOSTON, Sept. 16 (UPI) -- Pro-marijuana advocates have been granted a permit to hold their annual Hemp Freedom Rally on Boston Common on Saturday. Police have vowed to arrest anyone caught smoking pot at the rally, but organizers say authorities will face lawsuits if they do so. City officials, who had threatened to cancel the event, granted the permit late Thursday after an agreement was reached with the Massachusetts Cannabis Reform Coalition to provide more police security at the rally. Some 5,000 people attended last year's rally, and a similar turnout is expected this year. The city had demanded that 16 security officers be hired, feeling the three officers used last year were insufficient. The two sides reached a compromise late Thursday under which only seven officers would be hired at a cost of $680. The Cambridge Pharmaceutical Laboratories, which holds the pattern for medicinal marijuana, offered to cover the costs. Authorities warned that anyone caught with marijuana at the rally will be arrested. Organizers said they will be selling joints made with such herbs as mullein, mugwort, demiana or coltsfoot at the rally and challenged police to distinguish the herbal smokes from real marijuana. "If it looks like marijuana and it smells like marijuana, I think we can make the arrest and let the state labs determine what it was," a Boston police spokesman said. Organizers said if police make arrests, they will end up "making a lot of false arrests" and "will face a lot of lawsuits." PA 09/19/94 BID TO LEGALISE POT RENEWS OLD CAMPAIGN By Tim Moynihan and Keith Manning, PA News The controversial Liberal Democrat vote in favour of decriminalising cannabis is the latest boost for the campaign to legalise the widely-used soft drug. But it swiftly brought a tough response from Home Secretary Michael Howard, who said defences against it must be maintained. The debate is hardly new -- on July 24, 1967, 65 prominent people signed an advertisement in The Times calling for cannabis legalisation. The ad began: "The law against marijuana is immoral in principle and unworkable in practice." Former Beatle Paul McCartney, a signatory who some years later was deported from Japan for being in possession, says of pot: "It's a whole lot less harmful than whisky, rum punch, nicotine and glue." In May, Germany's Supreme Court ruled that the possession of small amounts was not a punishable offence, bringing the country into line with The Netherlands, which has long tolerated its use, and where it can be bought legally in cafes. A survey by Time Out magazine last September found that 97% of all 25-year-olds in London had taken marijuana. Police say its cultivation in Britain is widespread and increasing. First offenders are often let off with a caution and some senior officers have called for a wider debate on the drug. Many doctors say cannabis can be beneficial in a number of conditions, including relieving pain during menstruation, childbirth, the nausea of chemotherapy, the spasms of multiple sclerosis and also helps control seizures in epilepsy. Glaucoma sufferers testify that it can lower the pressure within the eye, so avoiding the onset of blindness. There is some evidence that it can improve night vision. The Government, however, sustains a tough stance against it. The Home Secretary is increasing the penalties for possession of cannabis fivefold to 2,500, and he warned again tonight that cannabis itself can be harmful and that it can lead on to hard drugs. PA 09/19/94 ASHDOWN JOLTED AS LIB DEMS BACK CANNABIS By Gavin Cordon, Political Correspondent, PA News The Liberal Democrat leadership tonight suffered a hugely embarrassing setback after the party conference voted in favour of the decriminalisation of cannabis. Party leader Paddy Ashdown abruptly left the conference platform as the ammendent calling for decriminalisation for the use and possession of the drug went to a card vote. And within minutes of the announcement that representatives had voted by 426 to 375 in favour, it was being made clear that the party leadeship would not be adopting the decision as official policy. Party sources pointed out that the main motion called for the setting up of a Royal Commission to examine the whole issue of drugs -- including the legalisation of cannabis -- which would be the official line. However it was impossible to disguise the depth of the upset for the leadership by the vote which will undermine attempts to present a disciplined image of the party and will provide easy ammunition for opponents. The party's deputy leader and home affairs spokesman Alan Beith had led calls from the conference platform strongly urging representatives to oppose the amendment. He warned them not to risk "signalling public approval of what is dangerously described as `recreational drug-taking', because that signal could so readily increase the use of other drugs." He was backed by the party's education and urban and community affairs spokesman Simon Hughes who, while admitting that he was personally sympathetic to decriminalisation urged conference to take "not the soft option but the wise option." Supporters of the amendment included the author and broadcaster Sir Ludovic Kennedy who is a long-standing campaigner for legalisation of cannabis. Later, Mr Beith told a news conference that the party's policy on drugs now was to set up a Royal Commission to consider strategies for combating drug misuse, including the decriminalisation of the use and possession of cannabis. He said it was the unanimous view of the party's MPs to oppose the conference amendment on decriminalisation of cannabis and he denied that the views of the party's rank and file were being shrugged aside. "What conference decided today is to refer drugs policy to a Royal Commission and in effect give that commission a steer that, by a narrow majority, they voted for the decriminalisation of the use and possession of cannabis. "It is my view that we haven't yet seen overwhelming evidence that it would be safe to decriminalise cannabis and that it would not send a signal encouraging wider drug use." Chief whip Archy Kirkwood, when asked about Mr Ashdown's sudden disappearance from the platform after the vote was taken, said: "He had television interviews to do." The vote was a further blow on a difficult day for the party which saw them rowing back on proposals to impose a 60% tax on incomes over 100,000, unveiled just last month. Treasury spokesman Malcolm Bruce said that the top rate should be no more than 50%, prompting immediate accusations from Labour and the Conservatives that the party's taxation policy was in disarray. There could be further pitfalls ahead when the party comes to debate the abolition of the monarchy tomorrow. Mr Ashdown said before the conference started that he was confident that it would be defeated. After today's result the party hierarchy will be taking nothing for granted. Later, commenting on the outcome of the drugs debate, Mr Ashdown said: "The conference voted today for a Royal Commission on Drugs -- no more and no less. "A Royal Commission is the proper and only place for serious consideration of a number of issues relating to drugs, including the decriminalisation of cannabis. "Our manifesto at the next election will contain a commitment to a Royal Commission only, not to the decriminalisation of cannabis." Home Secretary Michael Howard, speaking on Channel 4 News tonight, said cannabis was harmful in itself and quite often led on to hard drugs. "I think that it is quite wrong to legalise cannabis, quite wrong to vote for the legalisation of it, and it only goes to show once again how irresponsible the Liberal Democrats are," he said. "They haven't had a proper debate on crime or law and order at this conference, all they do is pass a motion legalising the use of cannabis." He went on: "The truth is that all over the world, governments are recognising that you must keep up your defences against the use of drugs. They are very damaging, they do awful harm to people." He added: "We must maintain our defences against it, across the board, we are trying to stop the importation of it, we are trying to stop the use of it, we have a comprehensive strategy against it." RTw 09/19/94 Britain's third party votes to decriminalise cannabis BRIGHTON, England, Sept 19 (Reuter) - Britain's Liberal Democrats on Monday became the first major political party in the country to vote for legalisation of cannabis use in what was a major embarrassment for the party leadership. Delegates at the party's annual conference voted 426 to 375 in favour of a call to decriminalise cannabis so police and customs could target resources on the fight against hard drugs. Delegate Alan Dean, a father of three who told the conference he had never taken cannabis himself, said decriminalisation in Amsterdam had resulted in a drop in cannabis use. "This move will sever the link between cannabis and other drugs," he said in proposing the motion. Other delegates cited the views of several senior British police officers who wanted to decriminalise cannabis, which they said was less harmful than alcohol or tobacco. But Alan Beith, the party's spokesman in parliament on home affairs, said: "I would take a lot of convincing and a lot of evidence before I would be prepared to take the risk of signalling public approval of what is dangerously described as "recreational' drug-taking." He said: "That signal could so readily increase the use of other drugs." The motion is thought unlikely ever to become part of the party's policy mainfesto. The motion also called for greater resources for drug enforcement authorities and for all schools to give pupils advice on the dangers of drugs from the age of seven. The Liberal Democrats have 23 members in the 651-seat House of Commons but a much stronger presence in British local government. REUTER RTw 09/20/94 Six tourists arrested for drugs on Thai island By Sutin Wannabovorn PHANGAN ISLAND, Thailand, Sept 20 (Reuter) - Six tourists were arrested on charges of possessing marijuana on this southern Thai resort island as police continued a controversial clampdown on revellers at monthly beach parties. The three Japanese, two Italians and one German were arrested late on Monday when about 30 policemen swept through a huge party conducting random body searches. Young tourists flock to this resort island in the Gulf of Thailand at full-moon nights for the beach party, but police have in recent months been attempting to stop the gatherings. "We dont want this sort of party when most of the hippy tourists come to take drugs. We don't want money from drug users," Police Captain Sorapol Payungnoi of the island's tourist police force told Reuters. But Monday night's crackdown fizzled out with the surprise appearance of Thailand's top narcotics suppression official who told police to concentrate their efforts on arresting drug sellers not tourists. "What we are trying to do is to arrest the drug pushers more than arrest the tourists," Police General Chavalit Yodmanee, the head of Thailand's Office of Narcotics Control Board (ONCB) told local officials on his inspection tour of the full-moon party. "Have you seen any narcotic drugs here?" Chavalit asked the officials. "These people just come here for drinks and to have some fun," he said. The ONCB chief said his agents and local authorities would hold discussions on how to put a stop to drug abuse at the parties. About 3,000 people, most of them young backpacker tourists, attended Monday night's party, but some local businessmen complained police efforts to stamp out drug abuse had frightened off many tourists. Police arrested 14 foreign tourists on marijuana possession charges last month. They were fined about $50 and deported, police said. "Police are ruining the tourist business here. They're scaring people away," one Israeli said. Some tourists accused police of extorting money from drug users but police denied the claim. "We completely deny reports of police extortion. Those accusations are made by people who have lost benefits because of our law enforcement actions," Sorapol said. The party began at sunset. By midnight many of those on the beach danced drunkenly to music blaring out of speakers rigged up on the sand as the full moon rose over the Gulf of Thailand. REUTER RTw 09/22/94 Middle-aged hippies burst into Danish parliament By Christopher Follett COPENHAGEN, Sept 22 (Reuter) - A political party born in the organised anarchy of the capital's Christiania Freetown hippy colony burst onto the Danish political scene in Wednesday's general election, winning six seats. The Unity Party, a left-wing mixture of cannabis-smoking hippies, hard-line communists and free-thinking anarchists, will undoubtedly present an interesting contrast to the domination of grey-suited politicians presently found in Parliament. The party pledged on Thursday to back Social Democratic Prime Minister Poul Nyrup Rasmussen in his efforts to rebuild his coalition government after the election removed his working majority. In a parliament where compromise is crucial, the Union List said it would abide by tradition. "We will vote for what we agree with and we'll vote against what we don't agree with," said newly-elected parliamentarian Frank Aaen, whose party is one of two which have said they will support Rasmussen's minority coalition. Christiania, a picturesque 18th century citadel comprising 35 hectares (86 acres) of prime real estate in central Copenhagen, has bred a uniquely Danish form of civilised anarchy since it was established 23 years ago. About 1,000 people live in a mixture of scruffy housing where soft drugs are sold openly, heaps of junk block streets and the smell of firewood used as heating fuel drifts over the former military compound. Christiania spokesman -- in fact all residents are spokesmen -- Peter Soerensen, speaking as a hashish pipe went the rounds among hippies sitting in a dilapidated workshop, was unimpressed by the election. "The election is a bore, with the politicians churning out the same old cliches," he said. Several of the Unity Party activists have lively political pasts. Aaen was secretary of the now-defunct Danish Communist Party and editor of the party newspaper. Another parliamentarian, Keld Albrechtsen, is a former leader of the marxist Socialist Left Party. The Unity Party has become a repository for most of Denmark's "anti" sympathies. It is anti-European Union, anti-building a fixed link between Denmark and Sweden, anti-cars, anti-NATO, anti-privatisation and anti-market forces. "Vote for the Antis," the party's campaign literature said. REUTER UPs 09/23/94 Bulls media director arrested CHICAGO, Sept. 23 (UPI) -- Tim Hallam, director of media services for the Chicago Bulls, was arrested late Thursday evening on drug and weapons charges. Hallam was arrested on charges of possession of marijuana, cocaine and an illegal firearm. Hallam is entering his 17th season as an employee of the Bulls. UPce 09/27/94 Marijuana festival this weekend MADISON, Wis., Sept. 27 (UPI) -- The annual Great Midwest Marijuana Harvest Festival is scheduled this weekend at Madison. The festival has been a regular fall event in Madison for the past 24 years. This year's festivities will begin at 11 a.m. Saturday at the University of Wisconsin's Library Mall. From there, participants will march to the state Capitol to hear speakers discuss the attributes of marijuana for medicinal purposes. Last year's harvest festival attracted about 1,500 people. About a dozen of them were cited for possession of marijuana by Madison police. APn 10/05/94 Drug Policy By JIM ABRAMS Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Clinton administration's top drug official defended the new anti-crime law's drug-fighting provisions Wednesday against a Republican senator's criticism. "For the first time ever, Congress has taken a broader view and passed a crime bill that authorizes funds for police, punishment and prevention," Lee Brown, director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, told the Senate Judiciary Committee. Brown said the drug courts, treatment for imprisoned addicts and other measures in the law will make a difference in the fight against drugs. But Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, backed by a Bush administration anti-drug official, said President Clinton had "adopted a reckless abdication drug policy" that cuts funds for interdiction and retreats on law enforcement. Brown said the administration's top priorities remain addressing chronic hardcore drug use and providing increased access to treatment. The crime bill will contribute to those goals by helping to put 100,000 more police on the streets, many for community policing, providing $1 billion for drug court programs directed at nonviolent offenders and allocating an additional $383 million for drug treatment in prisons. Every year, about 200,000 hard-core addicts leave prisons without receiving treatment, he said, adding, "This represents a failure of accountability in our criminal justice system." The bill also includes some $855 million for prevention programs aimed at youth, including anti-gang education, sports programs and boot camps. One disappointment, Brown said, was that Congress approved only $57 million in funds for substance abuse prevention and treatment, well below the $355 million sought by the administration. Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Joseph Biden Jr., D-Del., agreed that the crime law will "help bring significant numbers of hard-core drug addicts under control." He praised the drug courts, saying they will give 600,000 drug-abusing offenders walking the streets on probation the choice of receiving treatment or going to jail. But Hatch said there had been a retreat in the war on drugs compared with the Reagan and Bush administrations, when there were "dramatic" reductions of casual drug use due to emphasis on protecting the borders and increasing penalties for use. "Under President Clinton's leadership, we are losing ground," Hatch said. Clinton cut funds for interdiction efforts, slashed the staff of the Office of National Drug Control Policy and sent "the wrong signal about our priorities" by treating convicts before users in the general population, he said. John Walters, acting director and deputy director of the drug policy office during the Bush administration, said the Clinton administration has "turned its back on the drug problem and taken actions that undermine achievements in prevention, interdiction and enforcement." Walters noted statements by Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders on considering drug legalization, sharp reductions in Defense Department interdiction efforts and moves to reduce mandatory minimum sentences for nonviolent first-time drug offenders. UPn 10/10/94 Paraguayan anti-drug chief slain ASUNCION, Oct. 10 (UPI) -- The head of Paraguay's anti-drug ministry, Gen. Ramon Rosa Rodriguez, was shot and killed Monday in an ambush in a residential area of Asuncion. Rodriguez had dropped his daughter off at a school in the capital when he was hit and slightly wounded by shotgun fire from assailants in a passing car. The head of the government's anti-drug efforts radioed the ministry for assistance, but was attacked a second time after being transferred to another vehicle. In the second attack, Rodriguez was shot in the head and died five hours later at a hospital. Rodriguez's driver, Pedro Fleitas, was in critical condition following the attack, and his personal assistant, Capt. Juan Ruiz Diaz, also received a gunshot wound in the head. Ruiz Diaz was driving the vehicle that picked up Rodriguez after his call for assistance following the first attack. Two other officers were unhurt and being held for questioning by the military. The assassination was the first in Paraguay since former Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza was killed in 1980 in Asuncion, where he had gone into exile following his ouster by the Sandinista National Liberation Front. The attack against Rodriguez came three weeks after a civilian pilot, Carlos Amado Reclade, revealed information about a large cocaine shipment and implicated high ranking military officials, including former President Gen. Andres Rodriguez, in the case. Rodriguez was responsible for the 1989 overthrow of dictator Gen. Alfredo Stroessner, and returned Paraguay to civilian rule following elections last year. Local media in Paraguay linked the killing to the statements made by Recalde, who has been granted special protection by the judge investigating the case. There was also speculation that the killing could be related to the recent destruction of marijuana crops in northeastern Paraguay. RTw 10/10/94 Foreign teachers protest drug test plans By Velasarios Kattoulas OSAKA, Japan, Oct 10 (Reuter) - About 50 teachers, mostly foreigners, demonstrated on Monday against plans by one of Japan's biggest foreign language schools to test staff for drugs. The protest was outside the national headquarters in Osaka of NOVA Group, which claims to be Japan's biggest school teaching English, French and German and employs hundreds of foreigners. The protesters represented hundreds of Britons, Americans, French, Australians, Canadians, Swedes and Germans employed by NOVA at 150 schools teaching some 200,000 students in what is a billion dollar foreign language teaching industry. The row started after the arrest in the past two months of two NOVA foreign teachers for possessing marijuana, setting off an outcry in the Japanese media about low morals. The foreign teachers, often just out of university, are employed mainly on short contracts which earn them thousands of dollars more than they would get from a first job in their home country. "At first, NOVA only asked foreigners to undertake the test, which is racist and a violation of human rights," said Briton John McNeill, secretary of the NOVA branch of the General Union, an Osaka-based labour union. NOVA unveiled plans for the disputed tests in mid-August, when the first arrest for marijuana possession occurred. The company maintains the drug tests, planned to start in November, were meant for all staff, not just foreigners. But McNeill said the tests were aimed at foreigners who were made scapegoats for police failure to keep out drugs. "The people bringing drugs into Japan are organised crime. People doing a few grams here and a few grams there are not the ones (responsible)," he said. A NOVA spokesman said that unless the company restores its image, NOVA could lose many students and this would threaten jobs. "The company received a lot of very bad press, and vicious headlines. The company has to protect its image," he said. Teachers agree the school's image needs rebuilding to fend off competitors in Japan's rich foreign language market. Japan has an almost insatiable need for foreign language instruction to teach thousands of tourists and businessmen heading overseas. Each student pays thousands of dollars. But Monic Arsenault, a Canadian, said NOVA panicked in planning to introduce tests and pass the results to police. "This would all have calmed down by itself but they've made it much worse by drawing more media attention," she said. REUTER RTna 10/12/94 Interpol calls for decriminalization of drug abuse By Alister Doyle PARIS (Reuter) - The head of the international police group Interpol appealed Wednesday for the decriminalization of drug abuse. Interpol Secretary General Raymond Kendall told an international narcotics conference that education and mandatory treatment for drug addicts would often help more than making criminals of them and locking them up. "I favor decriminalization" of drug abuse, he said. Shortly before, hardline French Interior Minister Charles Pasqua told the same conference that drugs had eclipsed nuclear weapons as a global menace and that only "defeatists" favored solutions like decriminalization. "One argument is that we should classify drugs and that 'soft drugs' could be covered by a different legislative treatment and benefit from legalization or depenalization," he said, sitting near Kendall. "What problem would be solved by the legalization of cannabis?" he asked an audience of about 50 experts at the headquarters of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. "None, in my opinion," he said. "There are no 'soft' drugs." "Drug trafficking threatens to plunge us into a new conflict on a global scale. An all-out war against drugs should be launched around the world by the international community," Pasqua added. While Kendall said he favored decriminalization, he said he bitterly opposed any formal legalization of drugs. Kendall said legalization would encourage abuse by making drugs more widely available. Decriminalization would mean drug abusers could be ordered to take treatment to get over their addiction as a substitute for jail or fines. The international drug trade is estimated to be worth $400 billion a year -- enough to threaten to destabilize democracies, Kendall and Pasqua agreed. Kendall, expanding on arguments for decriminalization made earlier this year, said Sweden provided perhaps the best model of how to handle drug abuse. He said Stockholm had invested heavily in education and medical, psychological and social rehabilitation programs for abusers. In Sweden, "the number of drug addicts has fallen and especially the number of addicts hit by AIDS," he said. By contrast, many other nations spent too much cash on trying to stop smuggling rather than discouraging consumption. He said a recent study in the United States showed 73 percent of all cash spent on fighting cocaine went to stopping trafficking in the country while just seven percent went to reducing domestic demand. Interpol, based in the southern French city of Lyon, groups 174 member nations. REUTER RTw 10/12/94 Interpol boss clashes with France over drugs By Alister Doyle PARIS, Oct 12 (Reuter) - The boss of the international police group Interpol, clashing with France's Interior Minister, appealed on Wednesday for the decriminalisation of drug abuse. Interpol Secretary General Raymond Kendall told an international narcotics conference that education and mandatory treatment for drug addicts would often help more than making criminals of them and locking them up. "I favour decriminalisation" of drug abuse, he said. Shortly before, hardline Interior Minister Charles Pasqua told the same conference that drugs had eclipsed nuclear weapons as a global menace and that "defeatists" favoured solutions like decriminalisation. "One argument is that we should classify drugs and that 'soft drugs' could be covered by a different legislative treatment and benefit from legalisation or depenalisation," he said, sitting near Kendall. "What problem would be solved by the legalisation of cannabis?" he asked an audience of about 50 experts at the headquarters of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural organisation (UNESCO). "None, in my opinion," he said. "There are no 'soft' drugs." "Drug trafficking threatens to plunge us into a new conflict on a global scale. An all-out war against drugs should be launched around the world by the international community," Pasqua added. While Kendall said he favoured decriminalisation, he said he bitterly opposed any formal legalisation of drugs. Kendall said legalisation would encourage abuse by making drugs more widely available. Decriminalisation would mean drug abusers could be ordered to take treatment to get over their addiction as a substitute for jail or fines. The international drug trade is estimated to be worth $400 billion a year -- enough to threaten to destabilise democracies, Kendall and Pasqua agreed. Kendall, expanding on arguments for decriminalisation made earlier this year, said Sweden provided perhaps the best model of how to handle drug abuse. He said Stockholm had invested heavily in education and medical, psychological and social rehabilitation programmes for abusers. In Sweden, "the number of drug addicts has fallen and especially the number of addicts hit by AIDS," he said. By contrast, many other nations spent too much cash on trying to stop smuggling rather than discouraging consumption. He said a recent study in the United States showed 73 percent of all cash spent on fighting cocaine went to stopping trafficking in the country while just seven percent went to reducing domestic demand. Kendall also said Interpol, based in the southern French city of Lyon, was severely hampered by underfunding in combating the booming drug trade -- he said Interpol's $28 million budget was less than the cost of running the Lyon opera house. Interpol groups 174 member nations. He said 20 tonnes of heroin, 200 tonnes of cocaine and 2,000 tonnes of cannabis were seized worldwide in 1993. Since 1985, seizures of heroin have surged 300 percent, cocaine 1,000 percent and cannabis 250 percent. REUTER AAP 10/12/94 DECRIMINALISATION DOESN'T INCREASE CANNABIS USE: STUDY By Neil Spark of AAP MELBOURNE, Oct 12 AAP - The partial decriminalisation of cannabis use in South Australia had not led to an increase in the number of people using the drug, a study has found. The rate of increase in cannabis use in South Australia was no different to that in other states where it was still an offence, according to the study released at a conference on alcohol, drugs and families being held in Melbourne. Cannabis use in South Australia was partially decriminalised in 1987, with the introduction of on-the-spot fines for possessing small amounts and the abolition of criminal records for personal use. The study found that the number of people who had used cannabis at least once increased between 1985 to 1993 in all states and territories where cannabis use is a criminal offence. "The rate of increase was much the same for South Australia compared to the rest of Australia. That is, there is no significant difference in the increase," National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre statistics reseach officer Neil Donnelly said. Four national surveys on cannabis use have been done between 1985 and 1993 for the National Taskforce on Cannabis. The 1993 study showed that the number of South Australians who had used cannabis at least once increased from 26 per cent in 1985 to 38 per cent in 1993. In Victoria, where cannabis use is a criminal offence, the figure rose from 23 per cent in 1985 to 31 per cent in 1993. Mr Donnelly said the surveys found cannabis use among year 11 students had increased in recent years. Between 1988 and 1992, there was a 12 per cent increase in the number of year 11 students in Victoria who had used cannabis at least once. Mr Donnelly said the figure was similar in other states and territories. He said the research also showed about five per cent of people used cannabis on a weekly basis. Although the figure had been relatively static over the past few years, there had been a five per cent increase in Tasmania between 1991 and 1993. In 1991 two per cent of Tasmanians surveyed said they used cannabis at least once a week, in 1993 it was seven per cent. Northern Territorians had the highest weekly use with nine per cent of people using the drug at least once a week in 1993. AAP nas/sp/tfh/lz AAP 10/12/94 CUSTOMS CONCERNED AT FALL IN DRUG BUSTS CANBERRA, Oct 12 AAP - Customs has expressed concern at the spectacular downturn in the quantity of drugs seized during the last financial year -- a modest 127 kilograms of heroin, cocaine and cannabis, compared with more than 3.5 tonnes the previous year. That represents a more than 98 percent reduction. In its annual report tabled in parliament today, Customs attributed the downturn to a lack of large scale cannabis "busts" during the year. The 1992-93 haul was substantially boosted by just two seizures, one of 1.3 tonnes and the other of 2.1 tonnes, both from small boats. No such hauls were made this year and the total imported as sea cargo amounted to 32 kilograms. "Of concern is the drop in sea cargo seizures which generally account for the bulk of importation weights in this category," the report said. It did not elaborate on whether the smugglers were simply becoming more proficient at evading customs or whether they had simply not made any substantial attempts lately. Customs did manage to make a dent in heroin smuggling. There was a slight increase in both the total weight (53.58 kilograms) and in the number of actual busts -- 54 against 50 the previous year. However, cocaine busts were down a third and total weight seized (13.69 kilograms) was a substantial drop from the 32.39 kilograms seized the previous year. Customs said the number of seizures from air passengers was on par with the previous year but there was a decline in postal and air cargo seizures. Detector dogs continue to play an important role in finding hidden drugs and Customs has launched a program to breed its own. That's because there has been a steady decline in the number of suitable dogs available from the traditional sources, including RSPCA animal shelters and council pounds. The breeding program started this year and also involves the Royal Guide Dogs Association and the University of Melbourne. Research is aimed at determining essential sniffer dog traits and identifying the best breeding stock.
Compiled by Paul Stanford